Diabetes is one of the biggest health concerns worldwide. With over 9.4% of the population in the US alone diagnosed with diabetes, there are hundreds of million people around the world living with this disease.
In fact, 90% of all diabetes cases are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Naturally, understanding this disease can help in managing as well as possibly preventing it.
2Factors That Cause Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes can be caused by several factors, including genetics and lifestyle. A combination of these factors can lead to insulin resistance, which means that your body is not able to utilize the insulin properly. It is one of the most common causes of this type of diabetes.
Here are a few factors associated with this disease:
- Family history
Genetics – Type 2 diabetes is considered to be hereditary but it does not mean that if any of your parents have it, you will have it too. Having a close relative with type 2 can increase the risk but not guarantee a diagnosis. It is still not known which genes contribute to the development of T2D so the possibility of stopping a gene expression is not possible right now.
Lifestyle Choices – The lifestyle of a person greatly influences the development of certain diseases like diabetes type 2. Two people may have the same gene but the risk reduces significantly for the one who remains physically fit (BMI below 25) and watches his or her cholesterol. Thus, if you take care of your body, you may not develop diabetes.
So what constitutes poor lifestyle choices? Here are a few examples:
1. No exercise
Exercise keeps you fit and reduces the chance of becoming overweight.
2. Poor Diet
High-fat meals with low fiber contribute to a number of diseases, including constipation, cardiovascular issues, and diabetes. It can also lead to obesity if not paired with routine exercise.
Being overweight, be it due to poor eating habits or the presence of some other disease, can also lead to diabetes. It can also lead to insulin resistance and other health complications.
4. Broken beta cells
Sometimes, the production of insulin is becoming different in the body. All things are not managed in the perfect manner and due to it, insulin starts creating issues instead of benefits. Here, you need to figure out lots of factors. In some cases, the improper amount of insulin is transferred to other parts at the wrong time.
Due to it, the sugar level in the blood becomes high and creates the chances of diabetes very strong. Availability high sugar level in blood will start causing damage to the cells too.
5. Improper communication
Cell communication is playing an important in our body and functioning. Everyone needs to maintain all these things and focus on various factors. You should try to make sure that all cells are working in the perfect manner. In case cells do not work properly, then it may create some major issues.
Sometimes, the communication channel between cells gets damaged. Due to the damage, cells are not able to send or pick a message perfectly. As a result, cells cannot figure out, how to consume or work on an available amount of glucose and insulin. Improper use of these components will create an issue for health instead of benefits. Mainly these issues appear in the form of diabetes.
6. Higher amount of glucose
Glucose related functions are managed by the liver in the body. In case our body is running at a low sugar level, then the liver starts generating glucose and sends it to the body for proper functioning. Whenever we eat something and our body process it, then the sugar level goes higher in the body.
In these conditions, the liver stops functioning and decrease the production level of glucose. In the case of some specific individuals, all these things do not happen. The damaged liver is not capable of reducing glucose production. The availability of an excessive amount of glucose will increase the chances of type 2 diabetes.
These are some major factors that can help you in working on the body and figure out the chances of diabetes. In case you are feeling these types of disabilities or changes in the body, then you should visit an expert’s clinic quickly. They prefer to diagnose that can help in getting complete details about the body and some other major factors.
1Treatment and Management of Type 2 Diabetes
Here are a few option combinations usually employed in diabetes type 2 management or you can visit here:
1. Weight loss
Losing just 5-10% of body weight can increase the wellbeing of a person, especially one with diabetes type 2. A sustained weight loss of 7% is considered ideal. This means that someone weighing 80 kg needs to reduce only around 5.6 kg to make a significant impact on blood glucose levels
2. Regular exercise
After discussing with your doctor, 30-60 minutes of regular exercise can help with weight loss and lower blood sugar levels.
3. Mindful, healthy eating
While no diet is recommended over others in diabetes management, consuming fewer carbohydrates and saturated fats can really make a difference. An overall reduction in calorie intake, along with the inclusion of fresh fruits and vegetables can also help.
4. Blood sugar monitoring
Your doctor can set the frequency at which you will have to test and record your blood sugar levels. It will help in making suitable changes so that you remain within the target range.
5. Insulin therapy and Medication
For some people, diet and exercise are enough but others might have to use medicines and insulin injections. Initially, insulin was used as a last resort, but today it is prescribed much sooner as it offers more benefits than other methods.
Diabetes has to be managed for life. While some cases of type 2 remission have been documented, the aim of any intervention is to keep blood sugar as close to normal as possible. It can help delay or prevent complications.